Posts tagged "#blockchain"

Open Days Innovazione 2019: co-progettare, partecipare ed innovare

March 11th, 2019 Posted by Blockchain, Data Collection, e-learning, ICT4Ag, ICT4D, MHealth, software development, web platform 0 comments on “Open Days Innovazione 2019: co-progettare, partecipare ed innovare”
Due giorni di incontri, discussioni, presentazioni e networking. Due giorni di idee per cercare di far incontrare innovatori, organizzazioni di cooperazione internazionale ed enti privati.
Abbiamo iniziato parlando di innovazione non come un risultato o un prodotto ma come un processo partecipativo di cui l’utente finale è il protagonista.
E così sono stati riportati esempi di innovazione come BRCK, che garantisce connettività in luoghi comunitari, come su 1000 autobus a Nairobi e 500 a Kigali, o in 1200 Wifi hotspots, oppure di imprese sociali nell’ambito dell’energia solare come la storia di M-KOPA .
Ma spesso basta poco per innovare, come un paio di tablet connessi che permette ad un gruppo di donne masai di imparare a leggere e scrivere e trasmettere all’intera comunità quanto appreso.


O ancora come il progetto Click4All (https://www.click4all.com/en/ ) per costruire piccoli strumenti di supporto alla disabilità (come mouse o tastiere), utilizzati per esempio in un centro di riabilitazione su base comunitaria in Siria.
E tanti altri ancora…
E poi è arrivata la volta dei tavoli di co-design in tema di Educazione, Agricoltura e Salute.
Gnucoop ha avuto il piacere di moderare il tavolo Health&Tech. Quattro storie di innovazione sanitaria hanno aperto il dibattito:
1. il software di raccolta dati del progetto iRHIS – Gnucoop;
2. la piattaforma Open Hospital – CUAMM/ISF;
3. la participatory data physicalization con l’Università di Bolzano;
4. i sistemi di mappatura che facilitano l’accesso a centri sanitari di riferimento di CCM
Storie che hanno permesso di individuare gli ingredienti di successo e criticità dei progetti di innovazione come: partecipazione, formazione, raccolta ed umanizzazione dei dati ed, ancora, monitoraggio e replicabilità degli strumenti, etc…
Un momento concreto di scambio ed incontro tra le tre comunità cardine degli open days innovazione: operatori umanitari, innovatori ed imprese.
Il secondo giorno ci ha visto invece partecipare a diversi workshops: dai Big Data e tecniche di data visualization ad esperienze pratiche sulle Internet of Things, tecnologie hardware open che danno spazio alla creatività ed innovazione.
E poi si è parlato di project management e strumenti agile, di Kanban e di Scrum, di effetto Panopticon, sprint planning, retrospettiva, stand up meetings e dei tre ruoli chiavi dell’agile methodology (product owner, scrum master e  team members). Strumenti di progettazione e pianificazione che meglio si adattano a progetti innovativi, permettendo di tenere sotto controllo il progetto ed, allo stesso tempo, garantendo l’efficienza dei team di lavoro e minimizzando i rischi.

Gli #ODI2019 sono stati anche l’occasione per lanciare tutte le offerte formative di #InnovazioneSviluppo.
Fino al 20 Marzo sono aperte, tra le altre, le iscrizioni al primo ciclo del corso “From paper to tablet: all the steps you need to know” promosso da Gnucoop, CIAI e ChangeLab. Il corso vuole fornire le competenze per migliorare il processo di monitoraggio e valutazione dei progetti e delle organizzazioni, attraverso l’utilizzo di strumenti adeguati ed innovativi di raccolta, sistematizzazione e analisi di dati.
Per partecipare clicca qui .


Grazie a Fondazione Cariplo e Compagnia di San Paolo che hanno organizzato questo evento!

Technology & Refugees: Techfugees Summit 2018

November 13th, 2018 Posted by AI, Blockchain, Data Collection, Refugees, software development, web platform 0 comments on “Technology & Refugees: Techfugees Summit 2018”
We participated to the Techfugees Global Summit 2018, which took place in Paris on 25th and 26th of October.
I remembered the first time I found the first Facebook post of this community, and it immediately caught my attention, in few days this community became very big!
It was September 2015, few days before Europe has met the young Alan Kurdi (Kurdish: Alan Kurdî‎), initially reported as Aylan Kurdi, a three-year-old Syrian boy of Kurdish ethnic background, whose image made global headlines after he drowned on 2 September 2015 in the Mediterranean Sea. He and his family were Syrian refugees trying to reach Europe amid the European refugee crisis. Photographs of his body were taken by Turkish journalist Nilüfer Demir and quickly spread around the world, prompting international responses.
Thanks to Techfugees everybody discovered how big was the tech community who was doing something to face the Refugee “crisis” but, first of all, was trying to support the Refugees who are arriving in Europe.

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Merkur.io, field-ready and secure payment network

September 20th, 2018 Posted by Blockchain, Emergency, ICT4D, Refugees, software development 0 comments on “Merkur.io, field-ready and secure payment network”

At the beginning of 2018, Gnucoop and Merkur.io started a collaboration for providing a cash and voucher platform to NGOs and Humanitarian Agencies.

Merkur.io is a secure digital payment platform capable of turning humanitarian voucher fairs into a fraud free, rapid and effective experience to NGOs, merchants and humanitarian assistance right holders (beneficiaries).

Merkur.io handles Humanitarian Voucher Fairs through crypto-currencies, using  safe and efficient payment methods. Our network extends to remote and offline areas to deploy the system with solar power and paper QR codes, allowing for  reinforced security measures.

Cash based assistance in particular humanitarian voucher fairs have made humanitarian assistance faster and more efficient.

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Blockchains Fighting Poverty

November 3rd, 2017 Posted by Blockchain, ICT4D, MMoney, software development 0 comments on “Blockchains Fighting Poverty”

What is a blockchain?

According to the  Institute of Development Studies: “the blockchain is a digital ledger of transactions that is distributed, verified and monitored by multiple sources simultaneously. Traditionally, ledgers have enabled and facilitated vital functions, with the help of trusted third parties such as financial institutions and governments. These include: ensuring us of who owns what; validating transactions; or verifying that a given piece of information is true”.

As opposed to the ledgers of intermediaries (see Table 1), the blockchain is distributed, public, transparent, encrypted and immutable.

Table 1: Comparing traditional ledgers with the blockchain

Source: Adapted from Paul Baran’s networks, Paul Baran, Introduction to Distributed Communications Networks, 1964, Rand Corporation


UN leaders calls startups working with blockchain and other technologies to focus their attention to improve digital identities.

But there are many other areas of application of blockchain for development aid. WFP for example is using blockchain in Jordan’s Azraq campIn the pilot project, called  “Building Blocks”, 10,000 refugees are now able to pay for their food by means of entitlements recorded on a blockchain-based computing platform and Robert Opp, WFP’s Director of Innovation and Change Management, said “Blockchain technology allows us to step up the fight against hunger”“Through blockchain, we aim to cut payment costs, better protect beneficiary data, control financial risks, and respond more rapidly in the wake of emergencies. Using blockchain can be a qualitative leap – not only for WFP, but for the entire humanitarian community”, he added.

Visit  this really interesting facebook group, that give the title of this blogpost, that shares and contains many examples and discussion of blockchains being built to reduce poverty and increase human progress.

Cash and vouchers: a new way to respond to hunger and nutrition issues

July 17th, 2017 Posted by Emergency, ICT4D, MMoney, Refugees, software development 1 comment on “Cash and vouchers: a new way to respond to hunger and nutrition issues”
Infographic 1: Cash and voucher system

 

Cash and voucher system refers to a restricted number of tools, where the cash or voucher is given to individuals, households or communities, but not to governments or other state actors.

In certain humanitarian disasters, the supply of food to markets and shops is sustained, yet, the affected population loses the means to buy it. In such cases, the cash and voucher aid approach ensures humanitarian aid reaches directly those with the greatest need in a timely manner.

Cash and vouchers are quick to deliver, cost-effective and provide people in need with greater choice. Among its advantages are benefits for local economies, empowerment of the beneficiaries, dignity and decision power to people who can choose the items they would like to buy. The cash and voucher system has shown to help the morale of those in need and also prepares the ground for linking relief, rehabilitation and development (LRRD) activities.

Cash and vouchers can be spent on a variety of products but usually food, non-food items, fuel, blankets and other essentials are the first port of call for those who need support.

With the institutional shift from food aid to food assistance, WFP  now has three distinct transfer modalities for distributing resources to target beneficiaries:
Cash,
Vouchers,
Food in kind (in-kind contribution and/or procured).

Cash and vouchers, together with food, provide WFP with additional flexibility in responding to hunger and nutrition issues, and allow the organization to tailor a food assistance response to the needs of beneficiaries – including those with special needs – and their contexts (i.e. what is possible, acceptable and/or feasible in a given situation), facilitating their access to available food in the local markets

The diversification of transfer modality options requires: (i) a systematic analysis of markets to determine suitability of a market based response; and (ii) a better understanding of the context through a series of sectoral capacity assessments. These will identify what is possible and feasible in a given context, and what is acceptable for beneficiaries in order to ensure that the chosen transfer modality is the most appropriate option.

The transfer modality consit of:
Cash trasnfers – monetary assistance in the form of physical cash or electronic disbursement to a targeted individual or household that enables direct access to food from the marketplace,
Voucher transfers – assistance to a targeted individual or household in the form of a paper or electronic entitlement reedemable at preselected retailers or at specifically organised fairs for a predifined list of commodities, but not for cash,
Food in-kind transfers – assistance to a targeted individual or household in the form of dry or wet rations.

The two main types of vouchers are:
Commodity voucher – redeemable for fixed quantities of specified foods,
Value voucher – redeemable for a choice of specified food items with the equivalent cash value of the voucher.

Furthermore, there are
two voucher distribution models:
Paper voucher – The beneficiary receives paper coupons and/or a scratch card that has a commodity or monetary value and that can be exchanged at contracted retailers or at specifically organized fairs. Both cash and commodity vouchers can be exchanged for items or services, but not for cash. Paper vouchers are distributed on a monthly basis and have a predefined validity period.
Electronic voucher – Electronic vouchers (e-vouchers) carry information on the monetary value of assistance or items and quantities they can be exchanged for on a barcode, a magnetic band or microchip on the card, or by short message service (SMS). Electronic voucher instruments (bank card, cell phone, SCOPECARD, etc.) are issued to beneficiaries only once, whereas their redemption value or quantity is credited remotely at predefined temporal intervals.


Infographic 2: Paper and electronic voucher
Infographic 3: Summary features of e-transfer mechanisms