Posts in DRR

‘MEDIA and ICT FOR DEVELOPMENT’

May 29th, 2018 Posted by Blockchain, Data Collection, DRR, Emergency, GIS, ICT4D, MHealth, software development, Training 0 comments on “‘MEDIA and ICT FOR DEVELOPMENT’”

On the 14th of May 2018 and in collaboration with ONG2.0, Gnucoop took part, as lecturer, to one of the session of the ‘Media  and ICT for development’ workshop at the University of Turin.

The workshop is one of the activity included in the University Course in Public and Political Communication (Corso di laurea magistrale in Comunicazione pubblica e politica), that helps students to get familiar and acquire knowledge and skills about the use of communication  and ICT tools in the development sector.

The workshop included 6 sessions and  Gnucoop was invited to participate as a lecturer to one of the lessons, focusing on the use of ICT for development.

Gnucoop discussed about the use of ICT in the development sector and particularly on how free software and technology can be useful tools to improve the impact of developing projects in international cooperation. Also, Gnucoop provided an overview and examples of ICT4D applications, such as mobile data collection tools, web GIS applications and blockchain solutions.

All the mentioned tools have the double role of gathering/disseminating information as well as helping responders to take actions.

Furthermore key challenges and best practices in ICT4D have been presented and discussed such as:

  1. Sustainability: ensuring project longevity →  crucial involvement of government or local ownership;
  2. Scalability: from pilot to large scale project: → ability to propose a solution that can impact large population
  3. Evaluation: impact analysis → keep monitoring the application year after year

The class involved students from the university of Turin enrolled specifically  in communication and development studies, who were very interested and actively participated to the session.

At the end of the workshop, students have been asked to run a practical exercise and design a communication plan related to the cooperation and development sector.

iGNUvation for Data Collection

October 16th, 2017 Posted by Data Collection, DRR, GIS, ICT4Ag, ICT4D, MHealth, Refugees, software development 0 comments on “iGNUvation for Data Collection”

Innovazione per lo Sviluppo, è un progetto che nasce da un percorso di riflessione attivato da Fondazione Cariplo, Compagnia di San Paolo con la compartecipazione di Fondazione CRT (sul tema: dati per il sociale e lo sviluppo) il cui obiettivo generale scaturisce in prima istanza da un profondo bisogno di innovazione in tutti i comparti (compresa la cooperazione internazionale) per rispondere al quale una prospettiva intersettoriale può costituire una modalità utile e vincente.
E’ un progetto rivolto al mondo della
cooperazione internazionale e dell’innovazione per offrire un percorso di apprendimento, networking e progettazione di soluzioni tecnologiche, in un’ottica di open innovation.
All’interno del progetto si inseriscono gli
Open Days dell’innovazione, due giorni di eventi aperti alla città e dedicati alle organizzazioni non profit. Per identificare insieme quale innovazione viene chiesta oggi al Terzo Settore nel contesto di cambiamento della nuova Riforma.
Suggeriranno inoltre strumenti utili per un’innovazione aperta e per la trasformazione digitale del Non Profit tramite l’implementazione di tecnologie all’avanguardia.

Abbiamo presentato la nostra candidatura e siamo stati selezionati  tra i 20 migliori casi da presentare nello spazio espositivo degli Open Days dell’innovazione. I partecipanti agli Open Days potranno visitare gli stand in qualunque momento ma è anche previsto un “Innovation tour” guidato dalle 14,30 alle 16,30 di lunedì 6 in cui i visitatori divisi a gruppi si  sposteranno tra i diversi stand in slot di circa dieci minuti ciascuno, in cui conosceranno i singoli espositori.
Il titolo del progetto che presenteremo all’interno dell’Open Space sarà “iGNUvation for Data Collection – il Software Libero al servizio della Cooperazione”

ICT4Health
ICT4Health
ICT4Edu
ICT4Edu
ICT4Ag
ICT4Ag
ICT4DRR
ICT4DRR

Presenteremo tre esempi di applicazioni per la raccolta dati.

1. Piattaforma Web e Mobile per la raccolta e l’analisi di dati sanitari nei campi rifugiati

2. Piattaforma per il  riconoscimento facciale per le scuole del Burkina Faso.

3. Piattaforma webGIS per la raccolta di dati per la gestione delle emergenze in Centro/Sud America.

Nello stand sarà presente una postazione, dotata di monitor e di videocamera per simulare la conta degli studenti in un’aula tramite il riconoscimento facciale. Saranno disponibili inoltre dei tablet per testare l’applicazione di raccolta ed elaborazione dati e la piattaforma webGIS.

Cercheremo di raccontare, nel modo più interattivo e coinvolgente, la nostra storie, la nostra esperienza ed i nostri progetti.

QUANDO

6 novembre – 7 novembre 2017

DOVE
BASE MILANO
Via Bergognone, 34
M2 Porta Genova
Milano

PER INFORMAZIONI
http://www.opendaysinnovazione.it/

YAGO training in Haiti

August 22nd, 2017 Posted by DRR, GIS, software development, Training 0 comments on “YAGO training in Haiti”

The second section of YAGO (Yet Another GIS Online) training has been held in Haiti, from July 30th to August 4th.

This training is part of the project Yago we’re developing in support of COOPI and its activities are in the framework of two different projects:

Renforcement des capacités de préparation, mitigation et réponse aux catastrophes de communautés urbaines les plus vulnérables en Haïti (ECHO/-CM/BUD/2015/91012),

Améliorer la résilience face à la sécheresse des acteurs locaux et des familles rurales les plus vulnérables dans la partie orientale du Département du Sud-Est, Haïti (ECHO/-CR/BUD/2016/91005).

Photo Credit: COOPI Haiti

The training was addressed to COOPI staff and to CNIGS Haiti (Centre National de l’Information Géo-Spatiale), for Administrators and Users.

We asked COOPI coordinator in Haiti to give us some feedback about the training:

Participants raised very relevant questions, including the possibility of having a super admin who managed all the users permissions, the possibility of sharing their own work sessions with other users (or with the public) and even some criticism. The platform was well-received and our intention as COOPI is to upload even more data from other municipalities from the south and the west. CNIGS asked to import all the data from other platforms to YAGO”.

COOPI’s project “Open data and web mapping platform to reduce disaster risk in Haiti”, for which we developed the platform, was among the top ten in the  2017 Risk Award.

The Risk Award is assigned to innovative plans and approaches for disaster risk reduction and disaster management. The prize is awarded every 2 years by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), the Global Risk Forum Davos (GRF) and the Munich Re Foundation.

More information here

YAGO, Yet Another GIS Online for Rímac

May 9th, 2017 Posted by DRR, GIS, software development, Training, Uncategorised 0 comments on “YAGO, Yet Another GIS Online for Rímac”

From 19th to 27th of April we have been in Lima.

This mission is part of the project Yago  (Yet Another GIS Online) we’re developing in support of COOPI and its activities in the framework of the project RIMAC DRR (Reinforcing Innovative Mechanisms for Arising Capacities in Disaster Risk Reduction in Rímac).
The purpose of the mission was the training on the use of Yago, our GIS platform, to the Municipality of Rímac staff (Area of Civil Defence, Recuperation of the Historic Centre, Environment, Security, among others) and to CENEPRED staff .
CENEPRED (Centro Nacional de Estimación, Prevención y Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres) is the institution responsible for the pillars of Disaster Risk evaluation, prevention and reduction.
The Municipality of Rímac is one district of Lima Metropolitana and it is an ally of the RIMAC DRR project.  Yago will be an important tool for the Municipality of Rímac to include the spatial component in its decision making process.

The training has been organized in 3 different daily session:
Day 1 YAGO User training (Map creation and Data visualization)
Participants: Municipality of Rímac and, CENEPRED

Day 2 Yago Administration training  (Users and permissions management, WMS sources, Layers and Themes management)
Participants: Municipality of Rímac and CENEPRED .
The training was directed to some technicians from Municipality and CENEPRED, which will be responsible for the upload of data collected by the field workers, and to one IT technician who will follow the future development of the platform.

Day 3 Yago Dev training (System architecture and maintenance)
Mainly directed to CENEPRED

 

 

 

 


All the participants, especially the Municipality staff, were really enthusiastic of the platform and they actively participated to the training.

COOPI will organize in the next weeks a presentation event to disseminate YAGO and the importance of including the use of spatial data in the daily works of the Municipality. The event will be directed to the large public to disseminate YAGO and the inclusion of the SIG in the decision making process.  


 

 

 

 

 


We spent the first 3 days working side by side with COOPI staff.
From our point of view, getting the chance to be on the field was of great utility. Working directly with end users was key to develop some new features.
The local staff contributions were very important mainly because this project is part of a framework agreement signed by Gnucoop and COOPI, for the use of YAGO platform in four different projects:

Renforcement des capacités de préparation, mitigation et réponse aux catastrophes de communautés urbaines les plus vulnérables en Haïti;
RIMAC DRR – Reinforcing Innovative Mechanisms for Arising Capacities in Disaster Risk Reduction in Rímac, Perú;
Améliorer la résilience face à la sécheresse des acteurs locaux et des familles rurales les plus vulnérables dans la partie orientale du Département du Sud-Est, Haïti;
Fortalecimiento de las capacidades del sistema CONRED y de la sociedad civil en comunidades de la Mancomunidad del Sur en el Departamento de Guatemala.

In the next months different Training sessions will be held in Haiti and Guatemala.

Pictures by COOPI-Cooperazione Internazionale Thank you!

GIS platform for Disaster Risk Reduction

April 26th, 2017 Posted by DRR, GIS, ICT4D, software development, Training 0 comments on “GIS platform for Disaster Risk Reduction”

Over the past few months Gnucoop developed for the italian NGO COOPI-Cooperazione Internazionale* a GIS platform, which enable to visualize the main threats and vulnerabilities, as well as resources available in the surrounding areas to foster crisis management by turning this information into actions.

COOPI helps communities prone to environmental disasters or other hazards deal with them. Development of geographical information systems, risk analysis and dissemination of risk management tools are among the main activities of its program within the sector.
The marginalized informal communities of Rimac District in Lima in Peru, mostly affected by earthquakes and landslides, belong to the targeted groups of COOPI. In addition to natural hazards, inadequate basic services and infrastructures, coupled with scarce  awareness about disaster risk reduction are main issues to be tackled.
The innovative aspect of the Program run by COOPI in Lima is the participatory methodology for data collection, which aims at assessing the needs in a more comprehensive way by involving several stakeholders, from Local Authorities to Institutions and organizations at different levels.

Gnucoop has been involved by COOPI in the pursuing of one of the objectives of the project, namely the creation of a geo-referenced information system about resources and vulnerabilities at both neighborhood and district level. Such a tool will contribute to provide information and knowledge of the territory for decision making, strengthen participatory planning and minimizing disaster risks  and vulnerabilities.
Based on a previous webGIS platform developed for Port-au-Prince in Haiti, the new software called Yago uses the Geoserver service for geospatial data sharing. The Geoserver implements Web Map Service (WMS) and Web Feature Service (WFS) standards and is able to use the most common geo-referenced data sources (Shapefile, geographic database as PostGIS or SpatiaLite, GeoTIFF, etc.).

Yago is a modern and light software that can also run on smartphones and tablets, developed using the Google framework Angular 2 and libraries for the development of mobile-friendly Leaflet interactive maps. It allows users and visitors to create their own maps and “surf” the resources localized in the project.

DRR

Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster. It aims to reduce socio-economic vulnerabilities to disaster as well as dealing with the environmental and other hazards that trigger them. Here it has been strongly influenced by the mass of research on vulnerability that has appeared in print since the mid-1970s.[1] It is the responsibility of development and relief agencies alike. It should be an integral part of the way such organizations do their work, not an add-on or one-off action. DRR is very wide-ranging: Its scope is much broader and deeper than conventional emergency management. There is potential for DRR initiatives in just about every sector of development and humanitarian work.
The most commonly cited definition of DRR is one used by UN agencies such as UNISDR, also known as the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, and UNDP: “The conceptual framework of elements considered with the possibilities to minimize vulnerabilities and disaster risks throughout a society, to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards, within the broad context of sustainable development.”[2]’
https://www.unisdr.org/archive/26424

Technology such as GIS offers the possibility of visual analysis and allows us to see political boundaries, population trends, and socioeconomic differences. It also offers us the ability to acquire and verify facts.”
She also pointed out that by “using GIS technology we can analyze and see where natural disasters have previously occurred and how they have impacted the landscape. We can also try to predict where a natural disaster is most likely to occur.” By understanding where disasters happen, the international community can develop new and more efficient methods to reduce future disaster risks.
“Technologies, like GIS, are important tools for understanding and supporting disaster resilient communities. Whether you’re a city planner, development practitioner humanitarian responder, or crisis-mapper, information for decision-making is now at our fingertips to reduce risks and build disaster resilience.”
“Society now has the capability to generate massive amounts of information. We need to be able to synthesize and analyze this information and turn it into targeted policies and actions.”

Technical issues

In 2013 in Haiti, Gnucoop supported COOPI on the development of a webGIS platform, namely SIRV-TAB, to help the municipality of Tabarre (in Port-au-Prince) and the Le Centre National de l’Information Géo-Spatiale (CNIGS) in locating resources, identifying critical issues, designing urban plans and understanding local vulnerabilities in order to increase population preparedness towards natural disasters and help managing crisis. The platform has been developed based on OpenGeo suite (GeoServer- OpenLayers and GeoExt) and it is available at http://www.sirv.tabarre.ht.

In the new phase of this partnership we’ll use only a single part of OpenGeo suite, in its latest version: the Geoserver. The Geoserver is the service used for geospatial data sharing, which implements WMS and WFS standards and it is able to use the most common geo-referenced data sources (Shapefile, geographic database as PostGIS or SpatiaLite, GeoTIFF, etc.).
In the new system the Sirvtab will be replaced by a more modern and lighter software that can also run on smartphones and tablets, developed using the Google framework Angular 2 Google and libraries for the development of mobile-friendly Leaflet interactive maps.

 


The software will be mainly divided into two sections:

Backend A simple and complete control panel that will allow administrators to:
manage users and permissions,

  • upload geographic data in various formats (shapefiles geojson and GeoTIFF)
  • manage metadata associated with geographic data,
  • manage the library of documents and images,
  • publish notices, news and updates visible to users of the platform.

Frontend The heart of the software that will allows users and visitors to create their own maps and “surf” the resources localized in the project. The main functions of the frontend will be:

  • Create map
  • Insert maps from OpenStreetMap and Google Map /BING
  • Measure distances / Areas
  • Create elevation profile
  • Create cartograms and other geo-statistical maps
  • Creating a personal profile
  • Save and archive on server your own maps that can be reused later (this a function only  for registered users)
  • Export maps in different formats (JPEG, PNG, PDF)

View your maps on the main navigation applications (Google Maps, iOS maps, Google Earth) (available from smartphones and tablets).

The source code will be released under a free (as in speech not free as in beer) software license and will be available probably through a github repository, to trace changes and developments over time!

Our software is available here https://guatemala.gnucoop.io/.

Our Senior developer is in Lima for the first training section to CENEPRED, follow the mission on our social channels!

*COOPI-Cooperazione Internazionale worked with civil society organizations, local authorities, and the private sector to strengthen risk management in marginalized informal communities of Rímac District in Lima. The program disseminated risk-management tools among government authorities with decision-making capacity; upgraded hazard-prone infrastructure; strengthened capacities of community groups, including women’s associations; provided practical training; and developed a geographical information system database to identify and help address existing vulnerabilities. (USAID LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN – DISASTER RISK REDUCTION FACT SHEET #1, FISCAL YEAR (FY) 2015)

Pictures by COOPI-Cooperazione Internazionale Thank you!

Gnucoop and GIS applications

January 8th, 2015 Posted by DRR, ICT4D 0 comments on “Gnucoop and GIS applications”

In 2013 in Haiti, Gnucoop supported COOPI on the development of a webGIS platform,  namely SIRV-TAB, to help the municipality of Tabarre (in Port-au-Prince) and the National Civil Protection in locating resources, identifying critical issues, designing urban plans and understanding local vulnerabilities in order to increase population preparedness towards natural disasters and help managing crisis. The platform has been developed based on OpenGeo suite (GeoServer- OpenLayers and GeoExt) and  it is available at http://www.sirv.tabarre.ht

Gnucoop staff spent one month in Haiti, working side by side with ngo COOPI-Cooperazione Internazionale and local authorities to define and develop the system requirements. As a result, the SIRV-TAB server allows geographic visualization of several types of information such as: public security data, presence of local organisations, water points, food storages, energy plants, transports, telecommunications, accommodations, waste management plants, roadworks and soil details.

Therefore, the SIRV-TAB database contributes to:

  • identify resources that are available to manage natural or man-made disasters in Tabarre;
  • manage these resources according to population needs, with a specific focus on the most vulnerable members of the society;
  • identify local hazards.

The SIRV-TAB can be used by decision makers, urban planners or simply personnel operating in crisis management in Tabarre to plan prevention/preparedness measures or organise response to emergency situations.

More informations here http://sirv.tabarre.ht/static/reports/VOLUME_5_SIRV-TAB_-_Serveur.pdf (available only in French)